Symptoms of the Digestive System

Abdominal distension - also known as tympanites. Fullness or swelling of the abdomen (stomach), which may cause it to look bigger than normal.

Abdominal pain - may be dull, sharp, or burning pain localized to the abdominal region, including epigastric, pelvic, and perineal pain. Characterized by abdominal tenderness, and colic in infants.

Abdominal rigidity - also known as abdominal guarding or 'defense musculaire'. The tensing of the abdominal wall muscles detected when the abdomen wall is pressed.

Abnormal bowel sounds - absent or hyperactive peristaltic gurgling noises from the intestines.

Ascites - also known as hydroperitoneum. Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity, causing swelling.

Bloating - abnormal general swelling, or increase in diameter of the abdominal area. Feeling of fullness or tightness in the abdomen, sometimes accompanied by abdominal pain or increased borborygmus, which often occurs after meals. Bloating is usually the result of gas in the intestines.

Borborygmus (from the from Greek βορβορυγμός) - refers to a splashing or gurgling noise made by the movement of fluid and gas in the intestines.

Constipation - also known as costiveness, dyschezia, and dyssynergic defaecation. Difficulty in emptying the bowels, usually associated with hardened or dry feces. Irregular, incomplete or infrequent bowel movements often accompanies by straining. Reduced stool frequency, or having fewer than three bowel movements per week.

Diarrhea (from the Greek, διὰρροια meaning "flowing through") - also spelled diarrhoea. Daily or frequently recurrent passage of loose (mushy), liquid or watery stools without abdominal pain or intervening constipation. Having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day, often with an increase in the urgency and frequency of defecation.

Dyspepsia (Indigestion) (from the Greek δυσ- dys- and πέψις pepsis "digestion") - also known as upset stomach. Disturbance of digestive function characterized by pain or discomfort. May include flatulence, heartburn, nausea or vomiting, bloating, early satiety, or uncomfortable fullness after meals.

Dysphagia (Difficulty Swallowing) - impairment, pain or other problems with eating or swallowing food or liquid. May include inflammation, compression, paralysis, weakness, or hypertonicity of the esophagus. Difficulty feeding oneself.

Eructation - also known as belching, ructus or burping. The expulsion of gas from the stomach through the mouth, usually with a characteristic sound.

Faecal abnormalities - Unusual color, odor, or amount of stools. May also include mucus or blood in stools.

Faecal incontinence (Encopresis)(from the Greek κοπρος (kopros, dung) - also known as paradoxical diarrhea) involuntary defecation or "fecal soiling" in children or adults. The accidental or unintentional leakage or passage of a bowel movement.

Flatulence - a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal. The expulsion or passage of gas through the rectum or anus.

Halitosis - also known as bad breath, breath odor, or mouth odor. Offensive, unpleasant, stale or foul-smelling breath.

Heartburn - also known as pyrosis or acid indigestion. A burning or warm sensation in the chest, just behind the breastbone (sternum) or in the epigastrium, caused by stomach acid blackflow, reflux or regurgitation into the esophagus. The pain often occurs in waves or rises in the chest and may radiate to the neck, throat, or angle of the jaw.

Hyperperistalsis - rapidity of the passage of food through the stomach and intestine.

Jaundice - also known as hyperbilirubinemia. Yellow pigmentation (icterus) of the skin or whites of the eyes (sclera). Often accompanied by darkened urine, whiteness of the feces, constipation, queasiness, and loss of appetite.

Melena - abnormally dark, black, or "tarry" feces containing blood. Stools may also be foul smelling or sticky.

Nausea (from the Greek ναυσίη, nausiē, "seasickness" "wamble") - feeling of sickness, queasiness, dizziness, unease or discomfort with an inclination to vomit. An attack of nausea is known as a qualm.

Vomiting - act of ejecting, purging or regurgitating the contents of the stomach through the mouth.